Germany is a republic The full name of the country in German is Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, or Federal Republic of Germany.Up until the end of the First World War, Germany was ruled by the Prussian royal family.If parliament passes a problematic law, or the executive makes a controversial decision, these can be challenged in court.The Bundesverfassungsgericht (the Federal Constitutional Court) is the highest authority on whether a policy or law is compatible with the constitution.
State votes are also generally held every four years, meaning that every year in Germany, there are a handful of elections which are important for people's lives.Every Chancellor in post-war German history has belonged to one of these two parties, and they are the only two Volksparteien - parties with significant support at all levels of German society. online dating kostenlos Rostock But in a bizarre historical twist, the CDU do not exist in Bavaria, Germany's wealthiest state, which is governed by the conservative Christian Social Union (CSU).Laws concerning state affairs or the constitution must be approved by it before they come into force.A recent controversial decision by the Bundesrat was to block designating Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria as safe countries of origin for asylum seekers.
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In 2016, state elections were held in Berlin, Baden-Württemberg and three other states. Elections are based on proportional representation Germany has a voting system called mixed-member proportional representation.In the federal elections voters have two votes, the first is for a candidate, and the second is for a party.The system is set up to prevent one single party from having a majority in parliament. Coalitions are normally formed between the party with the largest share of the vote and a smaller one so that the two in combination have over half the seats in parliament.Traditionally the liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP) has often been the junior coalition partner of choice to the major parties, but their support has dwindled in recent years. There are two federal houses of parliament The Bundestag is the lower house to which politicians are directly elected. MPs in the Bundestag can also have different responsibilities, such as sitting on an oversight committee.
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The Bundesrat is the upper house of parliament and consists of representatives of the German states.
Bavaria was the last region to join modern day Germany in 1871 and is still fiercely independent.
An agreement between the two parties to enter into a union inside parliament has existed since 1949, but nearly fell apart in 1976 after the CSU demanded more time to speak in the chamber.
Once again, this happens at the national level and also at the state level.
Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the centre-left SPD have always been the two biggest parties.